An integral component of WSRI’s human performance research is our use of innovative Live, Virtual, and Constructive (LVC) simulation for training and testing. AFRL has been leading the use of LVC technologies for training and research in the fighter aircraft community for years. Now, WSRI is helping AFRL push those technologies into ground and first responder environments. Live, virtual, and constructive components work together to create simulated training and operational environments that enable our researchers and subject-matter experts to perform training and research in more practical and cost-effective ways. We instrument our live entities, such as our live military and civilian medical first responders, to better understand their tactical, medical, and team processes. And we develop and experiment with constructive and virtual simulations that are blended into the live players’ experiences to enhance the training experience and to enable training that would not be practical or safe in a strictly live environment. Our research benefits individual and team training environments and can lead to more personal and tailored training applications, as well as, more powerful assessments for larger exercises.
Live simulation refers to the actual players and live participants performing a role (first responders, victims, etc.) and/or real entities, such as air vehicles flying over real terrain in real time. Virtual simulation refers to real players represented by virtual participants (sim’s, avatars, etc.) and virtual (augmented) machinery, equipment, or environments, controlled directly or remotely via a live human in the loop. Interaction is controlled via real-time human inputs and presentation is via virtual or computer generated imagery. Constructive simulation refers to elements or players comprising self-guided or autonomous constructs added to the context. These can be autonomous avatars, threats, or self-adapting data points on visualization during a simulation exercise. Typically, computer generated, can also be virtual simulators in autonomous modes.